Visit Athens in Greece – World Travel1494
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Shepherd Entertainment gives you the history of Athens and takes you on a tour of the city’s sites and attractions. A walk
through the Greek capital, which lies in the southern part of the country, where the Peloponnesus meets Attica, will expose its visitors to world famous attractions such as the Acropolis, the theater of Dionysus and the Odeon of Herod Atticus.
The Greek capital lies in the southern part of the country where the Peloponnesus meets Attica. Visiting the sundrenched landscapes of Hellas is in fact a pilgrimage to the beginnings of European culture. The ruins of Athens, ancient temples, palaces and forts are more than just crumbling heaps of stones. They are tangible reminders of Greek cultural heritage not only in sculpture and architecture but in linguistics, science, politics and sports. The world as we know it has a thousand links to ancient Greece. This is the birthplace of democracy, the first of the big games and of hundreds of concepts and words that all European languages use to this very day. The ancient ideal of beauty and perfect sense of proportion still leave us spellbound as we gaze upon their often fragmented sculptures.
Philosophy, literature, theater and the science of history all have their roots in ancient Athens. The best known feature of the city is the Acropolis crowned by the gleaming pillars of the Parthenon. This majestic complex of buildings was built on a hilltop 165m high. On its southern slope, we find the remains of two ancient theaters, the theater of Dionysus and the Odeon of Herod Atticus. The Beule Gate leading to the Propylaeum was named after the archeologist Earnest Beule who discovered the gate beneath Turkish bastion. The two rocky towers were originally erected in Roman times and expanded later by the Turks.
A line of stairs is divided by a terrace. The marble covering of the stairs has now been reconstructed. Earlier tourists suffered 60 to 70 accidents a year climbing the stairs. The Odeon was built by a wealthy and famous patron of Athens in memory of his deceased young wife following the standards of Roman theatre design. This theater, once very ornate and covered in marble could accommodate 6000 spectators. Its remains have been painstakingly restored and the Odeon now hosts the Athens festival every September. Left of the terrace stands a huge column. The marble memorial was erected in the second century BC to honor Iptheus Agrippa, son in law of Emperor Augustus. The almost 9m high base once supported a four horse war chariot in bronze but that has been lost.
The Propylaeum is the entrance to the Acropolis, an ornate gateway, a fitting overture to the fantastic sight that awaits us. It was commissioned by Pericles and designed by Phidias but construction started under the direction of Manacles after Pericles left Athens. The 18m wide and 24m long propylaeum is divided at the three halls by ionic columns. It originally had a coffered ceiling which was destroyed by an explosion in Turkish times.
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